The 3R Technology

Added value recycling and reuse of un-exploited biomass resources for advanced and safe horticultural food crop nutrition and transport bio-fuel / bio-oil productions by integrated 3R pyrolysis, catalytic and biotechnological process.

In a world with finite resources there is no infinite development opportunity with sustainability, unless circular economy is not fully implemented. In this context there is no one fit for all processing technology or product solution, but still only the high end solutions are viable and sustainable. The 3R technology provides market competitive and advanced replication model with BAT/BREF (best available technology reference).


Recycling of un-exploied biomass resources and animal by-products by the advanced 3R pyrolysis technology generates new resources and added value products. The objective of the 3R ZERO EMISSION PYROLYSIS PROCESS, NUTRIENT RECOVERY AND RESOURCE CONSERVATION technology is the added value upgrading and valorisation of animal by-products into safe and high value biochar, bio-oil, soil amendment and recovered phosphorus products (organic Phosphorous fertilizer) by integrated thermal and biotechnological recycling means.

The 3R zero emission carbon processing and nutrient recovery understands the language of the Mother Nature and takes lessons from Her. Whatever technical, environmental and/or climate challenge the 3R faces, it is considered that most probably one or more of the world's >30 million creatures and natural processes has not only already faced the same challenge during the past millions of years, but has also evolved effective strategies to solve it as well. The term waste is unknown in the Mother Nature as all and any materials must be processed, recycled and reused in a most efficient way, as simply no any creatures can afford to loose any available materials. Same as the 3R zero emission carbon processing means a total recycling and reuse of agricultural  and food industrial byproduct materials, "the resources", for conversion into high added value recovered organic fertiliser products. In this evolutionary process, the stone age did not ended because there where no more stones, but rather because new - more efficient - options come up, that supported the rapidly developing market demands. As a result, the 3R zero emission carbon processing, phosphorus recovery and biochar products open new technical, economical, environmental and climate solution opportunities, specifically targeted for the temperate climatic zone countries applications in the EU, Australia, USA and Japan.


3R Phosphorus recovery process:

For larger scale please click on the pictures



3R zero emission technology application map:

For larger scale please click on the pictures

The INPUT FEED STREAMS are low value utilized animal by-products; such as high Phosphorous content food grade (category 3) animal bone meal. The OUTPUT PRODUCTS are high quality and safe Animal Bone bioChar - ABC for wide range of agricultural (recovered organic Phosphorus fertilizer with min. 30% P2O5, biochar) and environmental (adsorbent) applications.

The specific pyrolysis process is based on a horizontally arranged, indirectly heated revolutionary designed rotary kiln, providing reductive thermal decomposition of any biomass up to 850 degree C in vacuum. The  zero emission and the highly efficient pyrolysis process add up to comprehensive recycling and the reuse of all material and gas feed streams. The output natural products are tested and validated for open ecological soil applications by the Soil and Plant Protection Authority. The 3R process provides high feed flexibility: it's efficient for carbon and resource conversion both for animal by-products and plant based biomass, suitable for temperate climatic zone  applications. Although its highly advanced and comprehensive performance, the 3R technology does not contain any exotic technical solutions and materials.  

The 3R biomass recycling offers economic viability, generates new resources, produces high market demanded natural products and low cost green energy. The 3R technology also has a great potential for resource conservation, nutrient recovery and GHG emission reduction as well. The 3R pyrolysis process is a patented original solution and industrial design, its development is priority  supported by the EU since 2002.

The 3R competitive eco-innovative process and operational prototype at high investment readiness level has been successfully demonstrated (3R Pyrolysis Center) between 2004 and 2016 and scale up to next level is prepared.

The 2017/2018 targeted economical throughput production capacity of the replication model is 6500 t/y (that equivalent with 4000 t/y output), which is further expandable to 20,800 t/y nominal capacity (that equivalent with 12,500 t/y output).



Terra Humana Ltd. / COMPANY PROFILE (PDF) / 3R Mission

Terra Humana Ltd. is a technology intensive company playing a leading role in zero emission pyrolysis technology engineering, phosphorus recovery and biochar industrial production. TERRA senior management team having capabilities and highly experienced to develop business opportunity in the agricultural raw material recovery sector.


  • Animal bone BioChar - recovered and high nutrient dense organic Phosphorus fertiliser
  • Bio-Oil renewable pure energy
  • Adsorbent products for water treatment

Owner, Key Technology Designer:  Edward Someus EuroPass (CV)

Carbon refinery, pyrolysis, Phosphorus recovery; bio-oil & synthetic fuel; biochar, Animal Bone BioChar & carbon biotech formulation; NPK plant nutrient recovery and recycling; carbonization processing of food grade animal biomass by-products (bone meal cat. 3, MBM & PAP cat. 3-2-1); and low moisture content manure from herbivorous animals and agro/forest plant biomass residuals

Contact information

Terra Humana Ltd.

(Edward Someus)




3R Newsletter



Edward Someus (6 months ago)
Edward Someus (6 months ago)
FOOD 2030: Research & Innovation for Tomorrow's Nutrition & Food Systems' - Food Village 12-13 October, Brussels,...