Animal Bone Char Bio-Phosphate Product Specification

ABC (Animal Bone Char) BioPhosphate characteristics

Phosphorus is the strategic key element of the food crop and animal production in agriculture. Phosphorus cannot be substituted. There are no any other materials with high P2O5 content (>30%) known than apatite minerals from phosphate rocks (but this is contaminated with Cadmium and Uranium) or bone char (that is a natural and pure apatite substance). The low heavy metal content phosphate rock resources are already exhausted on global level. In 2008 significant 700% price increase happened in the phosphate sector and in 2018-2020 additional extreme high price increase to be expected. The phosphate is recognized by the European Commission as critical raw material in 2017 (EU COM (2017) 490)  .

The ABC (Animal Bone Char) Bio-Phosphate is made of food grade cattle and other types of bone grist, which is processed at 133 degree Celsius for 20 minutes under 3 bar processing conditions. The food grade animal bone processing outputs are bone meal for pet food, gelatin for human food and china bone material for high quality porcelain industry applications. Please check the the key differences between slaughterhouse output crude animal by-products and it's derived products from rendering industries>>

The bone grist from the rendering industry is the input to the 3R pyrolysis process, where the material is heated to as high as 850 degree Celsius material core carbonization temperature, that is far higher than usual biomass processing temperatures, but absolute needed to get high quality and safe product. During the advanced pyrolysis (reductive thermal processing) all volatile and protein based substances are removed from the mineral frame, and a highly macro-porous hydroxyapatite (70-76%), CaCO3 (7-13%) and carbon (9-11%) content apatite type mineral material produced.

The specific animal bone char carrier based ABC-BioPhosphate contains high amount of Phosphorus expressed in P2O5 (30%) and Calcium (37%) available for plants, which allows efficient, environmentally safe and naturally renewable phosphorus supply. Beside the highly available recovered phosphorus content the animal bone charcoal also contains other important recovered trace elements, and other nutrients, such as K and Mg.
The  toxic elements content of the ABC-BioPhosphate product approaches the range of non detectable levels.

The formulated ABC-BioPhosphate product providing microbiologically beneficial natural soil microorganisms that are entrapped on the internal and external surface of the carrier. The positive effects of the application of the 3R products are the plant grown promotion activity, natural fertilization and the biopesticide effects. Different types of 3R specific ABC-BioPhoshates and  formulated products are available depending on the input material and carbonisation process.

ABC-BioPhosphate product horticultural application permit number: 02.4/102-2/2015.


See the Phosphorus import substitution potential of ABC-BioPhosphate>>


bone char

The application advantages of the specific ABC-BioPhosphate product: 

There are two main markets: ORGANIC and LOW IMPUT FARMING, most importantly through Producer Organisations (that is our distribution hub) for fresh vegetable and fruit productions, and ADSORBENT INDUSTRY: supply of specific adsorbents to drinking/industrial water treatment sector, incl. spent ABC adsorbent regeneration.

The high adsorption capacity for large organic molecules and the unique macro-porous mineral structure provides wide range of bone char applications in the agriculture, food production and environmental sectors, such as:

  • Recovered Organic P/Ca fertilizer
  • Soil microbiological carrier for combined soil improvement, plant growth promotion, organic fertilization and biocontrol.
  • Sugar refinery and de-colorization,
  • Drinking water treatment,
  • High efficient treatment of sewage water, contaminated subsurface water and industrial process water,

The ABC-BioPhosphate is an speficic formulated, Authority tested and permitted product developed under European Union Programmes.




... why do you need :

  1. Phosphorus is strategic key element of the food crop and animal production in agriculture. NO P = NO Agriculture = NO Food.
  2. The EU is >95% is importing the mineral phosphate, most MS 100%.
  3. The phosphate is recognized by the EC as critical raw material with high supply risk in 2017.
  4. Mineral phosphate containing Cadmium, Uranium and other toxic elements.
  5. Growing food demand = growing phosphorus demand.
  6. Finite phosphate: the low Cadmium and Uranium content mineral fertilizer resources already used up and in the future only contaminated resources are available.
  7. Geopolitical risks: imported Phosphate is an critically important issue for the national security already now. All farmers need phosphorus, yet just 5 countries control 88% of the worlds remaining phosphate rock reserves.
  8. An inefficient food system: large amount of P to waste streams, no recovery.
  9. Cheap fertilizer: a thing of the past for farmers.
  10. In the near future (2022) very drastic P price increase to come (In 2008 it was >700%).

Contact information

Terra Humana Ltd.

(Edward Someus)




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